তথ্যসূত্র : মৌলভীবাজার জেলার ইতিহাস, মো: মুমিনুল হক।
The Liberation War & the Freedom Fighters
The Liberation Struggle & the Liberation War
The chivalric role of Moulvibazar in the Liberation War of 1971 is a glorious history. Like the other regions of the country the freedom-loving young men, students, laborers, farmers and the common mass jumped into liberation war by risking their lives for freedom, for economic emancipation. The special role of the people of Moulvibazar in the great Liberation War is mentioned briefly here:
Preparation for the Liberation War:
Sector No. 4
To make the Liberation War of Bangladesh comprehensive and forceful the then Prime Minister of the Acting Government Tajuddin Ahmed divided the fighting area into eleven sectors. Moulvibazar district was under sector no. 4. It streached from eastern Sylhet to the river Khoai, Shahestagonj railroad and Sylhet-Dauki road in the north. The sector commander was Major General(retd) C R Dutt Beer Uttam.(source: Ami Bijoy Dhekhesi: M R Akhter Mukul)
Elected Representatives & Camp Leaders in the Liberation War:
The coordinator’s role in sector 4 was played by Abdul Muntakim Chowdhury, the Member of the National Assembly. Md. Taimus Ali(Member of the Provincial Assembly) was the Chief of Dharmanagar Youth Camp. Md. Toabur Rahim(Member of the Provincial Assembly) was the Deputy Chief of Kailashahar Youth Camp and Azizur Rahman(Member of the Provincial Assembly) was the Political Coordinator of sector 4.
The charged ones of the Kailashahar Youth Camp were:
- A K M Latif Chowdhury(Manik Chowdhury)- (M N A) Camp Chief
- Toabur Rahman- Deputy Camp Chief
- Faijur Rahman- Political Trainer
- Gias Uddin Monir- Political Trainer
- Mujibur Rahman Mujib- Political Trainer
- Sikandar Ali- Physical Trainer
- Abdul Gafur- Physical Trainer
- Abdul Wadud- Student Representative
The camps were run by the direct supervision of the Mujibnagar Government. The number of the trainees was 300.
Bangladesh Liberation Force
The chief of Mujib Bahini at Moulvibazar was Mahmudur Rahman. Assistant chiefs were Mirza Farid Ahmad Beg, Syed Nasiruddin, Gias Uddin Monir and Faijur Rahman. Martyr freedom fighter Abdul Mukit was the commander.
Moulvibazar Sadar in the Liberation War
Primary Resistance: The day after 25th March curfew was announced for 72 hours in Moulvibazar and the roads are barricaded. 27th March 1971 the struggling people of Moulvibazar for the first time made the armed resistance.
Battle at Manumukh: After captain Aziz of Moulvibazar Liberation Force get wounded, colonel Mannan from Teliapara came to take the charge. Colonel Mannan decided to resist the attack of the occupation army from Sherpur by digging a trench at Manumukh with some eight freedom-fighters. That battle killed and wounded a number of Pakistani soldiers.
Battle at Kamalpur: The Pakistani army proceeded to occupy Moulvibazar with the help of air force on 27th April. The Liberation Force took their position near Kamalpur bazar bus station and Akhailkura bazaar. The proceeding Pakistani army engaged themselves in a severe fight with the freedom-fighters. The freedom-fighters for strategic reasons had to recede and towards the end of April the Pakistani army occupied Moulvibazar town.
Rajnagar in the Liberation War
A large historic assembly of people arranged by Awami League on 22nd March 1971 at Rajnagar school field where thousands of people gathered. One of the organizers of our Liberation at home and abroad and the once student leader of Rajnagar Makaddus Bakht delivered a fiery speech to the assembly. The student leaders also hoisted the national flag of Independent Bangla for the first time at Rajnagar. Like all other areas of Bangladesh the indomitable boys of Rajnagar took up arms in their own hands and fought the Pakistani Force for long nine months. Rajnagar became free on 6th December 1971.
Battle at Udna Tea Garden: The successful freedom-fighter of Rajnagar captain Ahad Chowdhury led the fight at Udna Tea Garden. He was in charge of M F(mukti fouz). The 4th December 1971 a group of 30 freedom-fighters led by Ahad Chowdhury took preparation to attack Udna Tea Garden at Rajnagar. The group comprised Tara Mia, Abdus Sattar, Odhindra, Jogesh Bauri, Debendra Roy, Md. Sikdar and others.
Genocide at Panch Gaon: 7th May 1971 at Panch Gaon, a historic ancient village in the Sub Continent, the Pakistani Occupation Army caused a merciless massacre at the very dawn. The Panch Gaon genocide is one of the most atrocious genocides in Bangladesh.
Kulaura in the Liberation War
Kulaura has a long history of struggle. Many a heroic son of the upazila to break the shackles of bondage laid down his life in undaunted struggle at different times of the Liberation War. Valiant Masaddar Ali was one of them. M N A of Awami League Barrister Abdul Mostakim Chowdhury organized Mukti Fouz first at Kailashahar and later at Karimgonj. Kulaura became free on 5th December 1971.
Sreemangol in the Liberation War
Sreemangol played a vital role in the Liberation War. All Party Movement Council was formed in Sreemangol in 1971. Among the members of the council were M A Rahim, Abdul Matlib, Ekram Hossain Chowdhury, Khalilur Rahman, Biraj Sen, Dipak Sen, Bijoy Bhushan Dev Chowdhury, Ashraful Alam, Kanak Lal Dev Chowdhury, Moin Uddin, Mahbub Elahi and others. 23rd March in 1971, at the pedestal of Sreemangol Police Station the flag of Independent Bangla was hoisted and Sreemangol became free on 5th December in 1971.
Kamolgonj in the Liberation War
The convener of Kamolgonj Thana Chhatra League Jainal Abedin organized the independent movement in 1971. Besides this, Bhupati Ranjan Dev Chowdhury, Syed Bazlul Karim, Bidhan Chandra Das, Abdul Aziz, Shawkat Hossain played important role. Major Ziaur Rahman(later president) with his Z Force was in the leadership of this region. 4 hero freedom-fighters of Eighth Bengal Regiment died martyr in a severe fight on 4th December in 1971 at Kamolgonj. They lie buried on a tank at Kamudpur. Their identy is given below: 1) Lance Nayek Zillur Rahman, 2) Sepoy Mijanur Rahman, 3) Sepoy Abdur Rashid, 4) Sepoy Shajahan Mia. Every year on the Victory Day many a student and man gathers there to pay homage to them. Birshrestho(bravest) Sepoy Hamidur Rahman died martyr in October. He lies buried in the village Ambasat, a BOP frontier village on the river Dholai of Kamolgonj.
Barolekha in the Liberation War
At Barolekha Upazila leadership in the struggle for freedom was taken by Mr. Akaddas Ali Chowdhury, A S M Abdul Mannan from Maijgram village, Taimus Ali from Juri, Sirajul Islam from Pakhiala, Dr. Abdus Shukur, Siraj Uddin from Kanthaltoli, Safikur Rahman from Surikandi and others. The elected Members of the Parliament of the upazila were late Taimus Ali and Sirajul Islam. 7th May 1971 the Pakistani Occupation Army entered Barolekha. The massacres caused by them there were that of Daserbazar and the killing of Hindus in Rashidabad Tea Garden. At Rashidabad Tea Garden seven Hindus were killed at a time. Barolekha became free of enemies on3rd December 1971.